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Shared by Esther Serruya Weyl

The Recipes That Connect This Brazilian Community to Its Moroccan Roots

The Recipes That Connect This Brazilian Community to Its Moroccan Roots

Family Journey

Spain and TurkeyMorocco
Belem, Brazil 
8 recipes
Fish Albondigas (Fish Balls in Tomato Sauce)

Fish Albondigas (Fish Balls in Tomato Sauce)

4 to 6 servings1 h

Ingredients

For the sautéed onion and garlic mixture

  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 3 garlic cloves, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil

For the fish balls

  • 1 pound skinless red snapper filet, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon breadcrumbs
  • 1 teaspoon vegetable oil 
  • ¼ bunch cilantro leaves, finely chopped
  • ¼ bunch parsley leaves, finely chopped
  • ¼ teaspoon nutmeg
  • Juice of ½ lime
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ½ of sauteed onion and garlic mixture

For the sauce

  • 8 to 10 plum tomatoes, deseeded and finely chopped
  • ½ of sauteed onion and garlic mixture
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
Meringue With Orange Marmalade

Meringue With Orange Marmalade

4 to 6 servings15 to 20 min

Ingredients

  • 4 egg whites 
  • 1 cup sugar
  • ½ cup water
  • 4 tablespoons store bought orange marmalade
Fumaça (Roasted Eggplant Dip)

Fumaça (Roasted Eggplant Dip)

4 to 6 servings30 min

Ingredients

  • 1 large eggplant
  • ½ teaspoon kosher salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 egg yolk 
  • 2 teaspoons white vinegar 
  • 4 sprigs cilantro, roughly chopped
  • ½ teaspoon olive oil
Roasted Pepper Salad

Roasted Pepper Salad

6 servings30 min

Ingredients

  • 3 red peppers
  • 2 yellow peppers
  • 1 green pepper
  • ½ onion, thinly sliced
  • ½  cup olive oil + 1 tablespoon
  • 1 spoon white vinegar 
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ½ teaspoon cumin 
  • ¼ bunch cilantro leaves, roughly chopped
Escabeche de Peixe (Fish Escabeche With Peppers, Cumin, and Cilantro)

Escabeche de Peixe (Fish Escabeche With Peppers, Cumin, and Cilantro)

4 servings4 h to 12 h

Ingredients

  • ½ pound skinless red snapper filet, sliced into 3 x 1 inch pieces
  • 1/4 cup olive oil for frying
  • ½ cup all purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper 
  • ¾ cup white vinegar
  • ½  onion thinly sliced
  • ½ cup + ¼ cup olive oil, divided
  • ¼ bunch cilantro leaves, roughly chopped
  • 4 to 6 sprigs cilantro for garnish
Cojada (Potato Casserole)

Cojada (Potato Casserole)

4 to 6 servings1 h 30 min

Ingredients

  • 3 large russet potatoes 
  • 7 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons olive oil, divided 
  • 1 large yellow onion, finely chopped 
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 3 eggs
  • 1 tablespoon kosher salt
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ¼ teaspoon cumin 
  • ¼ teaspoon nutmeg
Almoronía (Baked Chicken and Eggplant)

Almoronía (Baked Chicken and Eggplant)

4 servings1 h 30 min

Ingredients

  • 1 pound chicken thighs, skin-on bone-in
  • 2 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon kosher salt, divided
  • 1 large eggplant, cut into ¼ inch slices crosswise
  • ⅓ cup plus 2 tablespoons olive oil, divided
  • 2 yellow onions, thinly sliced
  • ¼  cup honey
  • ¼  teaspoon ground cumin
  • ¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • ¼  teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
Dafina (Slow-Cooked Stew With Brisket, Potatoes, and Dumplings)

Dafina (Slow-Cooked Stew With Brisket, Potatoes, and Dumplings)

4 to 6 servings1 h active + 16 to 24 h inactive

Ingredients

For the beef bone and brisket marinade

  • 2 beef bones with marrow, 3 inches long each
  • 1 ½ pounds brisket or stew meat, cut into 2 inch cubes
  • 4 cloves garlic, finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon white vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons kosher salt

For the Café de Massa (Dumplings)

  • 1 ¾ cups all purpose flour
  • 1 egg
  • ½ cup water 
  • ½ teaspoon kosher salt

For the Dafina stew

  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • Marinated beef bones and brisket
  • 2 yellow onions, thinly sliced
  • 6 cloves garlic, thinly sliced
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • ½  teaspoon granulated sugar
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt, divided
  • 2 russet potatoes, peeled and cut into quarters
  • 4 to 6 eggs
Recipes
1
Fish Albondigas (Fish Balls in Tomato Sauce)

Fish Albondigas (Fish Balls in Tomato Sauce)

4 to 6 servings1 h

Ingredients

For the sautéed onion and garlic mixture

  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 3 garlic cloves, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil

For the fish balls

  • 1 pound skinless red snapper filet, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon breadcrumbs
  • 1 teaspoon vegetable oil 
  • ¼ bunch cilantro leaves, finely chopped
  • ¼ bunch parsley leaves, finely chopped
  • ¼ teaspoon nutmeg
  • Juice of ½ lime
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ½ of sauteed onion and garlic mixture

For the sauce

  • 8 to 10 plum tomatoes, deseeded and finely chopped
  • ½ of sauteed onion and garlic mixture
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
2
Meringue With Orange Marmalade

Meringue With Orange Marmalade

4 to 6 servings15 to 20 min

Ingredients

  • 4 egg whites 
  • 1 cup sugar
  • ½ cup water
  • 4 tablespoons store bought orange marmalade
3
Fumaça (Roasted Eggplant Dip)

Fumaça (Roasted Eggplant Dip)

4 to 6 servings30 min

Ingredients

  • 1 large eggplant
  • ½ teaspoon kosher salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 egg yolk 
  • 2 teaspoons white vinegar 
  • 4 sprigs cilantro, roughly chopped
  • ½ teaspoon olive oil
4
Roasted Pepper Salad

Roasted Pepper Salad

6 servings30 min

Ingredients

  • 3 red peppers
  • 2 yellow peppers
  • 1 green pepper
  • ½ onion, thinly sliced
  • ½  cup olive oil + 1 tablespoon
  • 1 spoon white vinegar 
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ½ teaspoon cumin 
  • ¼ bunch cilantro leaves, roughly chopped
5
Escabeche de Peixe (Fish Escabeche With Peppers, Cumin, and Cilantro)

Escabeche de Peixe (Fish Escabeche With Peppers, Cumin, and Cilantro)

4 servings4 h to 12 h

Ingredients

  • ½ pound skinless red snapper filet, sliced into 3 x 1 inch pieces
  • 1/4 cup olive oil for frying
  • ½ cup all purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper 
  • ¾ cup white vinegar
  • ½  onion thinly sliced
  • ½ cup + ¼ cup olive oil, divided
  • ¼ bunch cilantro leaves, roughly chopped
  • 4 to 6 sprigs cilantro for garnish
6
Cojada (Potato Casserole)

Cojada (Potato Casserole)

4 to 6 servings1 h 30 min

Ingredients

  • 3 large russet potatoes 
  • 7 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons olive oil, divided 
  • 1 large yellow onion, finely chopped 
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 3 eggs
  • 1 tablespoon kosher salt
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ¼ teaspoon cumin 
  • ¼ teaspoon nutmeg
7
Almoronía (Baked Chicken and Eggplant)

Almoronía (Baked Chicken and Eggplant)

4 servings1 h 30 min

Ingredients

  • 1 pound chicken thighs, skin-on bone-in
  • 2 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon kosher salt, divided
  • 1 large eggplant, cut into ¼ inch slices crosswise
  • ⅓ cup plus 2 tablespoons olive oil, divided
  • 2 yellow onions, thinly sliced
  • ¼  cup honey
  • ¼  teaspoon ground cumin
  • ¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • ¼  teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
8
Dafina (Slow-Cooked Stew With Brisket, Potatoes, and Dumplings)

Dafina (Slow-Cooked Stew With Brisket, Potatoes, and Dumplings)

4 to 6 servings1 h active + 16 to 24 h inactive

Ingredients

For the beef bone and brisket marinade

  • 2 beef bones with marrow, 3 inches long each
  • 1 ½ pounds brisket or stew meat, cut into 2 inch cubes
  • 4 cloves garlic, finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon white vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons kosher salt

For the Café de Massa (Dumplings)

  • 1 ¾ cups all purpose flour
  • 1 egg
  • ½ cup water 
  • ½ teaspoon kosher salt

For the Dafina stew

  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • Marinated beef bones and brisket
  • 2 yellow onions, thinly sliced
  • 6 cloves garlic, thinly sliced
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • ½  teaspoon granulated sugar
  • ⅛ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt, divided
  • 2 russet potatoes, peeled and cut into quarters
  • 4 to 6 eggs

Esther Serruya Weyl, an extern at Blue Hill at Stone Barnes, is our cook-in-residence. Read more about Esther in "130 Years in, a Brazilian Community's Shabbat Recipes Live On” and try her recipes for fumaça (roasted eggplant dip), cojada (potato casserole) and almoronía (baked chicken and eggplant)

In the late nineteenth century, members of a Jewish community in Morocco left the tip of Africa for the region of north Brazil around the city of Belém. In their new home, they preserved historic traditions and adopted new ones, creating a unique cuisine.

“When they arrived in Brazil they found themselves in a very different place. The ingredients are completely different, so they had to adapt a lot,” Esther Weyl, a chef who grew up in the community, explains. Paprika, a staple of the community’s cooking in Morocco wasn’t available locally, so it was replaced with urucum, a local seed that’s beaten with sugar or pepper to produce a flavor akin to sweet or hot paprika. Preserved lemons were swapped for preserved limes, and couscous, once hand rolled with semolina was replaced with local yucca flour. “Everything they could adapt, they did — to make those recipes survive,” Esther adds.

They also adopted new recipes and ingredients. “When they arrived they saw ingredients they fell in love with,” Esther says, particularly yucca. A northern Brazilian staple dish of fermented yucca juice with fried shrimp is made in her community with salted deep fried fish, and feijoada, a classic Brazilian stew of meat and beans, is made without pork and served at Shabbat lunches. 

The community also blended Portuguese with a language they brought from Morocco called Haketia. That language developed in Morocco when Jews fleeing Spain during the Inquisition blended Ladino (a mix of Spanish and Hebrew) with the Judeo-Arabic spoken by Jewish families already living in Morocco. “We have a lot of expressions we still use [in Haketia]. And, I grew up thinking that it was Portuguese,” Esther says. In the kitchen and linguistically, the community is both of this place and of another place. 

Esther started to research her community’s recipes and traditions a few years ago. In 2017, she traveled to Morocco with her mother and, “I really connected with the food there. It reminded me how that food was my food from home,” she says. It prompted her to start asking family members about recipes like her grandmother’s dafina, a Shabbat stew from Morocco, a red pepper salad, and a potato casserole called cojada. 

Esther went on to ask nearly 40 cooks in her community a series of questions, including if they would share their family recipes with her. Among them, there are the Lahat sisters who shared their recipes for fumaça, an eggplant dip and escabeche de peixe, or fried tilapia in vinegar and olive oil, that comes from Tangier. Delicate fish albondigas or meatballs for Shabbat are a contribution from Donna Clara and her daughter Myriam and amaronia, a layered dish of chicken, eggplant, and onions touched with honey, that has roots in Turkey, comes from the Rangel family. And for something sweet, there’s a dessert recipe for meringue with the amazonian fruit cupuaçu from one of the community’s greatest cooks, Helena Obadia Benzecry.

At the core of Esther’s work is a drive to understand and preserve what binds the community together. She explains: “I want to see what is common to everybody’s houses.”